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TRANSLATION INTO ENGLISH
OF BERNARD GUENEE'S ARTICLE
ON THE DE CROISETTES OF PICARDY
The lower-case letters against names in the list below (eg d- Jean de C.) refer to those shown on the family tree which you can see in full size and print down for referral to the list below. Click HERE to see it in full size and print down for reference.
not shown here – Colard de C., Seigneur de Grandville-les-Hermes, Friancourt and other fiefs, living in 1429, is an invention of an 18th century genealogist. The origins of the great de C. family are more modest. Adam de C. living in Senlis in 1428, the date on which he undertook from the Abbey of Saint-Vincent of Senlis a lease and sub-lease of a house in the Rue de la Tournelle. He is still alive in Senlis in 1464. Jean de C. a 'hotelier' or publican in Senlis from 1464 to 1475. He is also a cavalry sergeant at the Chatelet de Paris, at least from 1464 on.
d- Jean de C. is a clerk. He begins his career as provost or keeper of the stalls [probably in charge of licences for the markets] at Crépy-en-Valois from 1456 to 1458. Then he returned to Senlis where he was registrar or recorder, a notary, for the Bailwick from 1461-1462, 'tabellion' (secretary or notary) in 1463 and 1464, governor-attorney from June 1465 to June 1467, deputy paymaster for the men at arms at Senlis in October 1465, secretary again from 1469-1471. For the first time he becomes the Crown prosecutor in the Bailwick in 1472; he is briefly Lieutenant Bailiff (the first to carry such a title) at Senlis in 1474, becomes for the second time Crown Prosecutor in 1475. He is recruited by Olivier Le Daim as his shady henchman to do his dirty work for him, for a start with Matthew d'Eschouchy, keeper of the seal at Compiègne castle; and most of all with Robert de La Place, Guillaume Le Clerc, and Jean Le Moustadier, all notable men of Senlis, estimated to be worth 10.000 crowns each, and from whom Jean de Croisettes undertakes to confiscate property so as to profit Olivier Le Daim. But in taking these on, he is tackling a group of people who are far too strong for him. Robert De La Place in particular, thanks to his support base and wealth, gets on side with Olivier Le Daim, then sets about Jean de Croisette who is forced, without doubt because of this, to abandon his position as Crown Prosecutor in 1478. But so long as as Louis XI lives and Oliver Le Daim is in a position of power, Robert De La Place's hands are tied and he can do nothing about the situation. Jean de C. stays on in Senlis where he sets up a private legal practice, takes on as a client one of the elected representatives and best of all acquires responsibility as guardian of the Seal at Senlis castle in 1481. Louis XI has only just died when Robert de La Place goes to law in Parliament against Jean de C. Jean de C. is thrown into prison, then passed over on 9 April 1484 to the Bishop of Paris to work as his clerk and be answerable to him; on 14 December 1484 he goes back to Parliament to plead his case; a court order, for his arrest if he defaults, is issued on 21 July 1486 requiring him to pay to Robert de La Place £500 and his expenses, before tax at £457 2s 6d., and finally after his appeal on the 7 April 1490, £389 2s 6d. Throughout the process, Jean, who is probably only briefly imprisoned, continues working in his legal practice in Senlis, and as keeper of the seal for the Castle. But in 1491, perhaps so as to meet the enormous costs of running his business, he gives up the office of keeper of the seal. From then on he does not appear in the record, but we know he is still alive in 1497.
In 1464, Jean de C. inheritd land at Saint-Rimault from a relative, Isabelle d'Airion; but while he is in the middle of his legal problems, he gives up the holding to Olivier Le Daim in 1477. He pays tribute for his land at Grandville in 1470. In 1487, he has the ownership of land at Le Tillet. He attempts to buy back, as he has a right to in French law, two fiefs at Berthecourt sold by a close relative of his to a silverware merchant from Beauvais, but he has no luck with this.
At the peak of his glory days in 1478, he has a shot at calling himself a 'noble man'; a good try, but with no future in this at all. He had by then married Colette Sanguin. She gave him two sons, Jean the elder and Jacques, whose details follow.
e – Jean de C. born in 1462 or 1465, at school in Paris in 1478, later a licensed lawyer, is Crown lawyer in government service in Péronne, Montdidier and Roye, living in Montdider, in 1507. He dies in 1528.
His father gave the land at Grandville in 1497 at the point of his marriage to Jeanne Mallet, a member of the patrician Mallet family of Beauvais. He is also seigneur of Friancourt and other places. In 1513, he is called before the nobles for the levy and raising of armed men at Montdider, but he is given exemption because of the service he has rendered to the King in his time. He has two sons, Antoine and Claude, whose particulars follow.
f – Antoine de C. initially Crown lawyer at the Bailiwick of Montdider, he later establishes himself in Paris where he is living when in 1539 he hands over the sorting out of his fief at Grandville to the Baron de Mouchy. He dies in 1554.
He is seigneur of Grandville, Friancourt and other places. He has married Isabeau Charlet. He has two children by her - François, man at arms in the King's Cavalry, husband of Marie Collesson, daughter of Florent, Lieutenant General at Roy, and of Marguerite Des Criches; and Marie, wife of Jean Labbé, elector from Clermont, without doubt child of Nicolas Labbé, Crown Prosecutor at Clermont in 1539. Descendants of Antoine de C. are still to be found as late as the 18th Century.
g – Claude de C., alive in 1539.
h – Jacques de C., second son of Jean at d. Bachelor of Laws in 1494 until later, licensed lawyer in 1502 until later. From 1494, he is working as a lawyer in Senlis; he continues in this up to his death. But in 1507, he is involved in a case against Guillaume Le Bel over who should be appointed to the office of legal assessor at the court in the Bailiwick of Senlis, made vacant by the death of Guy Villet. He peacefully fulfils this appointment from 1508 up to his death in 1533. He is Bailiff at Mello in 1525. He had been Governor Attorney at Senlis from July 1502 up to June 1504.
He has a beneficial holding at Senlis close to the arenas. He is seigneur of Le Petit Mermont, close to Crépy en Valois. He has married in his first marriage Marie Le Fuzelier who brings with her part of the seigneurie of Séry. A widower since 1527, he marries sometime before 1531 Geneviève Poart, herself the widow since 1522 or Arnaud Des Friches, Lieutenant General at the Bailliwick of Senslis. He and Geneviève Poart have no children. He has two sons by Marie Le Fuzelier, Laurence, the oldest, and Nicole; and two daughters whose first names we do not know, although we know their husbands.
i – Laurent de C., licensed by decree, is working as a lawyer at Senlis in 1533; he has inherited the fief of Le Petit Mermont. He is still holding this in 1539, but in 1540 he abandons it to his brothers and brothers-in-law. His interests are by now elsewhere. He has left and installed himself in Paris and is working as Crown lawyer to the Parliament. He is still there in 1567.
From his wife Catherine Le Comte he has had two children, Pierre, acknowledged Counsel in Parliament in 1583, died childless, and François, man at arms in 1590, from descendants are known to exist right up to 1649.
j – Nicole de C., licensed to practise law, is lawyer in Senlis in 1538. He is Governor Attorney of Senlis from 1538 to 1541. He is still practising in Senlis in 1552.
With Jean Dole and Nicole Gosset, his brothers-in-law, he succeeds his elder brother Laurent as seigneur of Le Petit Mermont in 1540. He marries Blanche de Bonviller, who gives him eleven children, among whom:
k – Marie the elder, who marries first Pierre Truyart, then Jean Caron, Crown Prosecutor at Parliament.
l – Marie the younger, who marries Jean Laurens, prosecutor and notary at Senlis.
m – Jean, eldest son, lawyer.
n – Nicolas, prosecutor and notary.
o – Jean, prosecutor.
p – Adam, prosecutor.
p2 – Margeurite, who married Pierre de Saint-Gobert.
There are further descendants of Nicole de C., and still practising, in the middle of the 17th Century.
q – ... de C., daughter of Jacques, married Jean Dole, who can be proved in 1527 to be son-in-law of Jacques de C.
r – ... de C., daughter of Jacques, wife of Nicole Gosset, who can be proved in 1540 to be brother-in-law of Nicole de C. and of Jean Dole.
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